Volume 9, Number 3

A Path Analytical Model on Factors with the Implementation of Civic Education Curriculumamong Teachers in Cross River State, Nigeria


Anagbogu, German Effa, Ofoegbu, Jude Uzodinma, Ovat, Sylvia Victor and Owor Effiom Owor, University Of Calabar, Nigeria


The height of moral decadence of adolescent is a worrying development that may degenerate to uncontrolled situation if not checked. The crime rate and other civic problems in the society cannot be clearly linked to any particular cause, hence, the need to explore the underlying principle behind this horrible fashion. This problem prompts this study on factors with teachers’ implementation of civic education curriculum in secondary schools in Cross River State, Nigeria. The study adopted cross sectional survey design approach. A total number of all the 510 civic education teachers in public Secondary Schools in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State in 2019/2020 academic session were used for the study. A self-developed 60-item Questionnaire was used for data collection. The data analysis was subjected to Structural Equation Modeling using Analysis of MOment of Structure to generate a path analytical model and data analysis at .05 level of significance. The result revealed that there were significant direct predictive effects between teacher’s supervision, teacher’s knowledge of subject matter and teachers’ attitude and the implementation of civic education curriculum. It was recommended among others that teachers should advance their knowledge by enrolling further in academic programmes as well as engage in in-service training to update their knowledge for a better academic outcome of the students.


Civic education, teachers training, attitude, knowledge of subject matter, moral decadence.