Volume 10, Number 4

Spiral Progression Approach in the K to 12 Science Curriculum: A Literature Review


Shiela L. Tirol, Cebu Roosevelt Memorial Colleges, Philippines


This review highlights the relevance of the Spiral Progression in the K to 12 Science curriculum in order to address the current issues and concerns of the spiral approach. The advantages and disadvantages of the spiral curriculum was reviewed with some researches among foreign counterparts. The nature of science teaching and the current researches of the K to 12 in both local and international context was also emphasized to highlight the science curriculum framework in the Philippines made up of an intertwined science content and science processes. Science process skills in the basic education of the K to 12 are utilized in context through learning the science content. The curriculum is organized on problems and situations that challenge and arouse the curiosity of students to motivate them in learning as well as appreciating science as useful and relevant. Findings showed the spiral curriculum as learner-centered, smart, and advanced rather than extensive and concentrated.


Spiral Progression Approach, Science Curriculum, K to 12, science process, science content.